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  • Listen to Your Heart

     

    HEART1

     The most common type of heart disease in the United States is coronary artery disease, which decreases blood flow to the heart, causing a heart attack. 610,000 Americans die from heart disease each year—that’s 1 in every 4 deaths. Someone has a heart attack every 43 seconds.

    HEART2

    African Americans, Hispanics, Asian Americans, Pacific Islanders and Native Americans are at greatest risk for developing heart disease.

    Heart disease costs the United States 108.9 billion dollars a year in health care services, and lost productivity.

    Risk Factors

    • Smoking

    • High blood pressure or high LDL cholesterol

    • Diabetes

    • Overweight

    • High fat diet

    • Not exercising

    • Drinking too much alcohol

     

    Heart attacks occur when the blood supply to the heart is cut off. Heart muscle cells do not receive enough oxygen-carrying blood and begin to die. Quickly restoringblood flow, reduces damage to the heart.                                                           

    Heart Attack Symptoms:

    •     Chest pain or discomfort.

    • Shortness of breath.

    • Pain or discomfort in the arms, back, neck, jaw, or upper stomach.  

    • Nausea, lightheadedness, or cold sweats.

    Women also experience severe stomach pain, heartburn, nausea, vomiting, or   extreme tiredness.  

    In 2005, only 27% of Americans knew all major heart attack symptoms then called 9-1-1 immediately.

    Preventing Heart Disease

    • Have a doctor check your cholesterol once every 5-years.

    • Control your blood pressure          

    • Control your blood sugar

    • Eat a healthy diet.

    • Exercise

    • Maintain a healthy weight.

    • Reduce stress

    • Quit smoking or using other types of tobacco.

    • Don’t drink alcohol or use illegal drugs.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     (CDC Heart Disease Fact Sheet.   2015, http://www.cdc.gov/dhdsp/data_statistics/fact_sheets/fs_heart_disease.htm. January, 2016)

     

    By Kim Shepherd

     

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